Creole language, a simplified mix of French with English, is the common language linking all the communities together. Otherwise, French is widely spoken but the official language is English. In many homes and among peers, different Indian or Chinese dialects are spoken.
To the image of the multi-cultural
or rather multi-ethnical richness of Mauritius
, the Mauritian
food and cuisine
reveals its cultural influences and the shy
beginning of interbreeding, to the point that one same dish can
be classified as Creole, Mauritian or Indian. The traditional
base of Mauritian cuisine
is definitely the curries
and "rougailles" but instead of cooking and serving
it the Indian way, they are simplified and commonly served with
white rice and other beans.
of all origins have definitely adopted this
combination in their everyday food and for many Mauritians of
European origin it is the traditional Sunday treat that is looked
forward to. [More
Mauritius is among the most
over populated countries with nearly 600 people per Km2. The population
of Mauritius consists of several ethnics, religions and cultures.
While in some cases one could be tempted to talk about the Mauritian
culture, it is a fact that this culture is still in evolution
and is more of a composition of the different ancestral cultures.
Today, businessmen from Chinese, Indian and French origins work
together and may be partners, but in holiday times the one flies
to Singapore for shopping, the second to Mumbai for a cultural
tour and the latter to Courchevel for a getaway from the summer
at large seem to be more open-minded than the administrative and
religious institutions. Unfortunately, the major political parties
drastically suffering from a lack of imagination often use the
ready-made recipe of communalism to raise their troops and are
greatly responsible for the cultivation of the communal calculation.
This gets even more complex for the Mauritians of Indian
origin who are further segregated by their social system based
on castes. It is a well-established fact that the Mauritian Prime
Minister must be not only from Indian origin, but must be Hindu
and from one particular caste. Mauritians nonetheless keep hope
that this will change with time. As a result, each religious celebration
and each election revives the problem, but in general and depending
on the period, the circumstance and the context, there is more
or less harmony between the different segments of the Mauritian
population and some respect of each other's differences.
The population of Mauritius can be split into several
groups: However, it is difficult to have a clear picture of proportions
as the different polls place "Creoles"
of African origins, and those of mix ethnics into the single category
of "general population." These two sub groups have very
few in common in terms of historical background, culture and social
The known figures are thus as follows:
- Indian origin (68%)
- Creoles (27%)
- Chinese origin (3%)
- French origin (2 %)
2012 welcomed a symbolic yet important improvement on the sensitive subject of ethnic discrimination. Indeed, the supreme court has ruled that candidates to elections will no longer be forced to declared their ethnic group.
Christians (mainly Roman Catholics): 28%
Buddhists and others: 3%.
The Mauritians of Indian origin are mainly Hindus,
Tamils and Muslims; most of those of Chinese origin observe two
religions, i.e. Christianity and Buddhism, while the rest of the
population are Christians (mainly Roman Catholics).
Whatever the statistics may be, the
influence of the different religions on the politics, society
and individuals is striking as Mauritians
give a lot of importance to certain values such as family, religion
remains relatively poor, the standard of
living has greatly improved in the last 15 years and with this,
materialism has unfortunately developed. Those of lower income
spend their lives paying back their TV sets, the cars and 4X4's
are the main problem of the average Mauritian and how much did
the last holidays
cost is the main subject of conversation for
like many other countries has people
of very different social and educational backgrounds but the racial
and religious differences come in addition to these.